The Lebowitz Award is presented each year to a pair of outstanding philosophers who hold contrasting views on a topic of current interest in the field. The 2020 winners, University of Chicago’s Agnes Callard and Yale’s Laurie Paul, speak with Fred about their differing approaches to understanding and explaining what principles and mechanisms guide decision making when people face significant decisions. 

image description

Laurie Paul and Agnes Callard, 2020 Lebowitz Award Recipients 

Laurie Paul, Ph.D., received her undergraduate degree from Antioch College, her MA in Philosophy from Antioch University, and her MA and Ph.D. in Philosophy from Princeton University.  As Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at Yale University, her areas of specialization include metaphysics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, cognitive science, and formal epistemology. She is the author of Transformative Experience (Oxford University Press, 2014) and Causation: A User's Guide (Oxford University Press, 2013), which was awarded the American Philosophical Association Sanders Book Prize. Dr. Paul is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship, among many honors and grants, and has given over a dozen named lectures.  

Agnes Callard, Ph.D., received her undergraduate degree from the University of Chicago and her M.A. in Classics and Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of California, Berkeley. Teaching at the University of Chicago since 2008, Callard's primary areas of specialization are Ancient Philosophy and Ethics. She is the author of Aspiration: The Agency of Becoming (Oxford University Press, 2018) and numerous academic articles and publications. Dr. Callard is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship and a Loeb Fellowship, among other awards, and writes a monthly philosophy column for The Point magazine. 

About Key Conversations 


Key Conversations with Phi Beta Kappa is a podcast featuring in-depth conversations between Fred Lawrence, Secretary/CEO of Phi Beta Kappa, and Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholars. With a new episode released monthly, each podcast invites listeners to take a seat at the table to learn more about the featured Scholar's background, research, and how they have taken their respective paths to where they are now, and where they are headed. 

Since 1956, the Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar Program has been offering undergraduates the opportunity to spend time with some of America's most distinguished scholars. The purpose of the program is to contribute to the intellectual life of the campus by making possible an exchange of ideas between the Visiting Scholars and the resident faculty and students.​

Our Host

Our Host

Frederick M. Lawrence is the 10th Secretary and CEO of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. An accomplished scholar, teacher and attorney, he is one of the nation’s leading experts on civil rights, free expression, and bias crimes. Learn More.

Spread the Word